COIR PITH COMPOSTING PDF
Hillocks of coir pith accumulate in the vicinity of coconut coir-fiber extraction units, of which disposal and management remain a major problem. lates as a waste material near coir processing factories causing environmental and disposal problems. The feasibility of co-composting coir pith with solid poul. “PITHPLUS” An edible mushroom spawn speeds up composting process of coir pith and leads to 42% reduction in volume of coir pith. This mushroom belongs.
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There composhing improvement in cation exchange capacity of soils, where composted coir pith is applied. If earthen floor is available the floor can be made to hard by hard pressing and also by applying cow dung slurry. Large quantity of coir waste of about 7. If urea is applied, it is recommended that 5 kg urea is required for one ton of coir pith.
The bulk density of both the sub surface cm sioil is reduced to considerable extent with the application composted coir pith. If all the above said conditions are maintained in the composting, it will take sixty days 60 days for some pitb the physical parameters to be observed in the compost. The other way of giving aeration is inserting perforated unused PVC or iron pipe in the composting material both vertically and horizontally.
The largest by products of coconut is coconut husk from which coir fibre is extracted. The chemical observation for compost maturity is to be analysed in the laboratory.
Maintaining optimum moisture is the pre-requiste for uniform composting or waste material. Presence of roof over the composting material is advantageous, since it protects the material from rain and severe sunshine. If fresh poultry litter is applied, it is recommended kg for one ton of coir pith.
The shady area conserve the moisture in the composting material. If fibrous materials are present, it is removed by sieving at the source it self. It improves the water holding capacity more than 5 times its dry weight contributing towards increased soil moisture.
These fibrous materials will not get composted and it will hinder with composting process. Limitation in using composted coir pith.
Central Coir Research Institute
Benefits of composted coir pith. Coir pith compost application increased the soil native microflora because of addition of humic materials.
It is better to have an elevated place for composting. The composted material which is obtained from sieving is ready for use. Composting of coir pith reduces its bulkiness and converts plant nutrients to the available form.
Is is advised that composted coir pith should be applied basally before take up the sowing. Coir pith should be spread to the length of 4 feet and breadth of 3 feet. It is advisable to bring fibre free coir pith for composting.
The composting process is an aerobic one, the organism performing the composting require oxygen for its metabolic activity. If the height is low, what ever the heat ckir will be dissipated easily.
Composted coir dust contains all plant nutrient elements and it can provide a supplemental effect along with inorganic fertilizers. Over this one portion of coir pith is added and the same input mentioned above should be added.
One has to proportionally divide and put the required amount of poultry litter over the coir pith. The floor of the compost making area should be levelled.
There is no need for pit or cement tub to make the compost. It is recommended that 5 tons of composted coir ppith per hectare of land irrespective of the raised. First observation is volume reduction of waste material. Nutritive value of raw and composted coir pith compost. For example if one ton coir pith is divided into 10 portion, in the ckir layer, kg poultry litter is added.
Coir Pith Compost
Once in a month, water is sprinkled over the compost material to maintain the moisture. A separate area should be earmarked for composting. The increase in height retains the temperature generated in the coir pith compost process. This 5 kg equally divided into five portions and in alternative cpmposting of coir pith one kg of urea should be applied.
But excess water should not be drained form foir waste material is to take a handful of composting material and put in between the palms and squeeze it.
The chemical observations are narrower C: Coir pith heap Coir pith is collected from the coir industry without any fiber. Coir pith composting technology 3. Coir pith is collected from the coir industry without any fiber.
After moistening, nitrogenous source material should be added. The addition of composted coir dust improves soil texture, structure and tilth, sandy soil become more compact and clayey soil become more arable. It is better to prepare compost in the own farm.